Civil Surveyor Training Advance Course in Mardan Swat

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Civil Surveyor Training Advance Course in Mardan Swat,Civil Surveyor Training Advance Course in Rawalpindi Islamabad Pakistan,international college of technical education in rawalpindi islamabad pakistan,best civil surveyor training institute in rawalpindi islamabad pakistan icte,professional civil surveyor training course in rawalpindi islamabad pakistan,advance civil surveyor practical work course in rawalpindi islamabad pakistan,admission open for boys and girls new session start 21 september 2020 certification acceptable in government job and worldwide International College of Technical Education.Head Office :Office # 27, Second Floor, Maryam Shadi Hall Plaza
(Airies Plaza), Shamsabad, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 0311-5193625, 0092-335-4176949,Surveying, a means of making relatively large-scale, accurate measurements of the Earth’s surfaces. It includes the determination of the measurement data, the reduction and interpretation of the data to usable form, and, conversely, the establishment of relative position and size according to given measurement requirements. Thus, surveying has two similar but opposite functions: (1) the determination of existing relative horizontal and vertical position, such as that used for the process of mapping, and (2) the establishment of marks to control construction or to indicate land boundaries.Surveying has been an essential element in the development of the human environment for so many centuries that its importance is often forgotten. It is an imperative requirement in the planning and execution of nearly every form of construction. Surveying was essential at the dawn of history, and some of the most significant scientific discoveries could never have been implemented were it not for the contribution of surveying. Its principal modern uses are in the fields of transportation, building, apportionment of land, and communications.The civil engineering industry involves the design and construction of the facilities that shape the world we live in. From roads, railways and bridges to water supply pipes and power stations, this is all civil engineering.Civil Engineering Surveyors are involved in every stage of the project from initial concept through design and construction, to monitoring the condition and performance of the completed structure.Talking about the past, initially the geometrical and legal description of local lands and county seats, gained importance throughout the early modern period as legal and economic arguments came to rely on accurate descriptions and, increasingly, on measurement and “plotting.” By the late seventeenth century, surveying included the mapping of larger political or geographical units. By the eighteenth, military leaders and colonial governors, as well as landed individuals, employed surveyors and cartographers. Techniques and instruments developed throughout the period produced a coherent body of theory and practice used for imperial mapping in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.Mining surveyors are involved in the planning, construction and operation of various types of mines. These mines may be open cut or underground. Types of mines include coal, metalliferous and mineral sands. Each of these types of mining requires specialised input by a skilled mining surveyor. Activities of a mining surveyor can include setting out of drill patterns, excavations and conveyors, locating underground roadways and voids, taking of measurements for volume calculations, monitoring of ground movement, land management and preparing statutory mine plans. In NSW mine surveyors are registered to ensure there is a level of competence commensurate with ensuring compliance with the statutory requirements and mine safety.
Engineering surveying: preparation of maps and plans for the planning and design of structures, as well as ensuring that the construction takes place to the dimensions and tolerances required;
Hydrographic surveying: measuring and mapping the earth’s surface that is covered by water;
Photogrammetry: involves obtaining information from photographic images in order to produce a plan of an area;
Geographic Information Systems: involves collecting and manipulating geographic information and presenting the information in the form required;
Cartography/Visualisation: accurately and precisely producing maps or plans and representing the information in two or three dimensions.
International College of Technical Education.
Head Office :
Office # 27, Second Floor, Maryam Shadi Hall Plaza (Airies Plaza), Shamsabad, Murree Road,Rawalpindi, Pakistan 0311-5193625, 0092-335-4176949
Civil Surveyor Training Advance Course in Mardan Swat.